Obsgynaecritcare

Informações:

Synopsis

A podcast discussing critical care, anaesthesia and pain medicine in obstetrics and gynaecology

Episodes

  • 082 – Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with Graeme

    082 – Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis with Graeme

    12/05/2021 Duration: 21min

    Hypothetical Case: A gynaecologist contacts you as the duty anesthetist to book an emergency laparoscopic oophorectomy. They tell you that the patient is a young woman who is currently intubated and ventilated on the intensive care unit after presenting 2 days earlier with a complex neurological syndrome, complicated by seizures requiring intubation. The surgeon tells you the ICU team have done some investigations, including an ultrasound demonstrating a complex ovarian mass, and CSF on a lumbar puncture positive for anti-NMDA receptor antibodies. What is Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis? Why is it associated with gynaecology? When & how was it first discovered? Join Graeme and I as we discuss the ins/outs of this fascinating condition and share a few personal anecdotes of patient's we have encountered with this project. LINKS Pregnancy outcomes in anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis Acute psychiatric illness in a young woman: an unusual form of encephalitis MJA 2009 Josep Dalmau: exploring t

  • 081 – Apps in anaesthesia a discussion with Sneha

    081 – Apps in anaesthesia a discussion with Sneha

    19/04/2021 Duration: 32min

    Hi everyone, A few weeks ago I sat down again with one of current trainees Sneha to discuss the interesting subject of the use smartphone applications in anaesthesia, and her latest offer to star in Survivor! LIST-OF-ANAESTHESIA-APPSDownload

  • 080 WOMAN trial narrative of 483 maternal deaths discussion with Graeme.

    080 WOMAN trial narrative of 483 maternal deaths; discussion with Graeme.

    22/02/2021 Duration: 20min

    Hi Everyone, After over 2 months off Graeme and I back for our first podcast of 2021. In this episode we discuss some news and then dissect the recently published study which analysed the narrative descriptions of the 483 maternal deaths which occurred in the WOMAN study. The WOMAN trial was a large randomised study of 20000 women suffering postpartum haemorrhage comparing tranexamic acid and placebo published in 2017. There were 483 maternal deaths in this study and each death was accompanied with a short narrative description of the circumstances surrounding the death. This study discusses some of the common themes which are encountered frequently in these narratives. LINKS The WOMAN Study 2017 - Lancet website The WOMAN trial: clinical and contextual factors surrounding the deaths of 483 women following post-partum haemorrhage in developing countries

  • 079 – Exam viva technique with Graeme

    079 – Exam viva technique with Graeme

    16/01/2021 Duration: 30min

    Hi everyone, Graeme and I recorded this episode way back just before Christmas but because of technical issues here it is a little bit late! Disclaimer neither Graeme or I have any claim to being experts in exam technique but we hope that you find our opinions / advice of some use. Also my answers to these questions were easier for me than real life vivas because I knew in advance what the questions were going to be! Good luck to everyone sitting exams in 2021!

  • 078 – Aortocaval compression syndrome – exploring some dogmas with Prof Mike Paech

    078 – Aortocaval compression syndrome – exploring some dogmas with Prof Mike Paech

    07/12/2020 Duration: 24min

    Hi Everyone, This week I am joined again by Mike and we discuss this fascinating syndrome of pregnancy, the management of which many of us have had drilled into us for many decades. Although this is a real syndrome which has been recognised for many years and has many serious potential consequences there are many controversies regarding it's physiology and treatment. In recent years advances in imaging technology and recent studies have questioned some of practices which were taught as if they were dogma...... How far can we tilt the operating table in theatre and does it really help? Compression of the aorta - really? Thanks Mike LINKS The Aortocaval Compression Conundrum - Analgesia and Anesthesia 2017 https://youtu.be/Y2T4MLiQTrM

  • 077 – Environmental effects of anaesthetics with Dr Chris Mitchell

    077 – Environmental effects of anaesthetics with Dr Chris Mitchell

    24/11/2020 Duration: 24min

    Hi Everyone, This week I am joined on the show with a new guest, consultant anaesthetist Dr Chris Mitchell. Chris is a colleague who also used to work with us at our women's hospital and is already famous for his range of USS regional anaesthesia needles (now manufactured by pajunk). Today we discuss the issue of the adverse environmental effects of our profession. In particular we focus on anaesthetic gases and what we can do to make a difference. LINKS British Journal of Anaesthesia 2020 - Environmental sustainability in anaesthesia and critical care

  • 076 – What I wish I knew about spinals  epidurals as an OG resident.

    076 – What I wish I knew about spinals & epidurals as an O&G resident.

    19/11/2020 Duration: 31min

    Hi Everyone, Thanks to Mason Habel from Northern Health in Victoria, who contacted us a few months ago and suggested this topic to us. Join Graeme and I as we try to tackle this topic in a comprehensible manner. We do jump around a little bit, chasing anecdotes, interesting historical facts and the occasional dodgy dad joke but hopefully we get there in the end! LINKS 054 – Neurological injuries after childbirth and neuraxial anaesthesia. 053 – Complications after central neuraxial blocks in obstetric anaesthesia a discussion with Graeme 046 – Managing a patient with a postdural puncture headache PDPH with Dr Matt Rucklidge

  • 075 – The less appreciated ventricle – a discussion with Graeme.

    075 – The less appreciated ventricle – a discussion with Graeme.

    28/10/2020 Duration: 42min

    Hypothetical case: You are called to a code blue medical on the gynaecology ward. A patient in her late 60s has collapsed in the bathroom. You are told she was admitted earlier that day for investigation of a probable pelvic cancer. She is conscious, has a heart rate 130/min, NIBP 90/45, SPO2 94% on hudson mask, and is mildly SOB with a respiratory rate 30/min. This patient undergoes investigation and is diagnosed with a large pulmonary embolism. She deteriorates suddenly with the following vitals: groaning, HR 145/min, NIBP 60/35, SpO2 85%, Respiratory rate 35/min. What is the physiology and what are the principles behind the resuscitation of a patient with an acute right ventricular emergency like this? Fluids? Vasopressors? Inotropes? Thrombolysis? Intubation? Pulmonary vasodilators? Join Graeme and I as we discuss this particularly challenging scenario which can be both hard to diagnose and resuscitate. There are some important and critical differences to other common causes of deteriora

  • 074 – Induction drugs used in general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery

    074 – Induction drugs used in general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery

    21/10/2020 Duration: 25min

    Hi everyone, This week I am joined by Matt & Graeme to discuss induction drugs and adjuncts used in general anaesthesia for caesarean delivery, with a few obligatory dad jokes thrown in at the end if you make it that far! Hypothetical cases we discuss: 1 - Healthy woman rushed to theatre with cord prolapse and fetal compromise 2 - A woman with severe preeclampsia needs urgent caesarean delivery because of fetal compromise. She has a platelet count of 18, and a BP of 210/120. 3 - A woman ruptures her uterus attempting a VBAC and arrives in theatre with a heart rate of 170/min and BP of 60/40 USEFUL LINKS The future of general anaesthesia in obstetrics BJA Education 2016

  • 073 Why am I still in pain? with Fionn O’Laiore

    073 Why am I still in pain? with Fionn O’Laiore

    14/10/2020 Duration: 25min

    Hypothetical patient: You get called by an anaesthetic registrar to come and help them with a woman in labour ward. They tell you that they have been struggling for a number of hours now to get a woman comfortable. They have placed three epidurals and topped them up aggressively with generous doses of the usual bupivacaine and fentanyl medications but none of them seem to have been effective. The woman told them that she has had similar problems in the past with dental procedures and minor skin procedures when younger - she also states she has Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Hi Everyone, This week I am joined by Fionn - a WA anaesthetic trainee currently working with us here. We discuss the fascinating (but distressing) syndrome of resistance to local anaesthetics. Is it real? (yes) How common is it - and what do we know about it? LINKS https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20170106-the-people-who-cant-go-numb-at-the-dentists https://www.hypermobility.org/local-anaesthetic Resistance to local

  • 072 – Arnold Chiari malformations

    072 – Arnold Chiari malformations

    24/09/2020 Duration: 30min

    You receive a call from an obstetrician: "I have a term patient booked for induction of labour this morning. She had an MRI of her brain 4 years ago after a car accident and was told she has an Arnold-Chiari malformation. She is very keen to have an epidural - can she have one?" Hi everyone, This week Graeme is back and we sit down to discuss Arnold - Chiari malformations and having a baby - why all the fuss and controversy? References Anesthetic management of parturients with Arnold Chiari malformation-I: a multicenter retrospective study Management of parturients in active labor with Arnold Chiari malformation, tonsillar herniation, and syringomyelia Ghaly Chiari malformation decision guide - see article above

  • 071 – Cardiac arrest in pregnancy

    071 – Cardiac arrest in pregnancy

    16/09/2020 Duration: 29min

    You are called to a code blue medical on labour ward. A woman who has been in labour attempting a VBAC has just collapsed whilst pushing during the second stage. She is unresponsive, not breathing and looks "bad". This week I am joined by my two colleagues, also consultant anaesthetists, Dr Emelyn Lee and Dr Lip Ng. Join us for this interesting conversation where we discuss all things relating to cardiac arrest in pregnancy! Links https://resus.org.au/

  • 070 – Shivering under neuraxial block

    070 – Shivering under neuraxial block

    28/07/2020 Duration: 36min

    Hi Everyone, This week I sit down again with Graeme. We discuss WA's isolation & covid bubble, exchange a few crap jokes and have a go at the thorny topic of shivering under neuraxial anaesthesia. Big thanks to everyone who helped with the OSCAR trial all those years ago, Yelena for teaching me a new trick to stop shivering and to Dr Tim Pavy for giving me two weeks leave to write up my thesis on shivering! LINKS The OSCAR trial - prophylactic ondansetron does not prevent or decrease the severity of shivering under spinal for Caesarean.

  • 069 – Inaugural journal club June 2020

    069 – Inaugural journal club June 2020

    30/06/2020 Duration: 36min

    Hi Everyone, This week is our first episode of our journal club to discuss interesting recent relevant research papers. We are hoping to do this on a regular basis interspersed amongst the other regular episodes where we choose a topic and explore it in detail. In this inaugural episode I am joined by a couple of colleagues who have both been on the podcast before. We have decided to choose articles from IJOA - the International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia - a journal devoted to obstetric anaesthesia, critical care and perinatology. Prof Mike Paech is the chief editor, has been on it's editorial board almost since it was first started in the 1990s and Dr Matt Rucklidge has also been a reviewer for the journal for a number of years now. Mike explains the history of the journal and shares some insights of what it is like being a chief editor, and then we discuss four interesting articles from recent editions. REFERENCES International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia https://www.obstetanesthe

  • 068 – Discussion of Sheehan’s syndrome with Graeme

    068 – Discussion of Sheehan’s syndrome with Graeme

    17/06/2020 Duration: 28min

    Case History (*hypothetical patient) A 33yr old woman presents to a GP complaining of hair loss, cold intolerance, dizziness, extreme fatigue and weight gain. On further questioning the patient states this is her third attempt to seek help over a number of years. She initially sought help for amenorrhoea after her second delivery and was started on oestrogen / progesterone tablets. The second doctor gave her a diagnosis of postpartum depression after eliciting a history of anxiety, tachycardia and feelings of stress and started her on an antidepressant. However the medication didn't help and she tapered them off and didn't return. On close questioning she recounts that her first delivery was uncomplicated but the second was an emergency caesarean after failure to progress and fetal distress. The surgery was complicated by blood loss of 4 litres and she remembers being told by staff "that the blood was coming out as fast as it was going in". She spent a number of days in the HDU / ICU and her child was b

  • 067 – MSF Experiences with Dr Andi Atkinson.

    067 – MSF Experiences with Dr Andi Atkinson.

    02/06/2020 Duration: 39min

    Hi Everyone, This week on the podcast I am joined by Dr Andi Atkinson one of the obstetric and gynaecology trainees here in WA. A few years ago Andi took time off during her training to spend time working in Africa for MSF on two separate occasions and we sat down to record an interview where she explains the processes involved in working with MSF and reflects on some of her experiences during her missions. Andi is still training here in WA but tells me she intends to work again for MSF sometime in the near future. Thanks for sharing your stories Andi! Links MSF Australia https://msf.org.au/

  • 066 – HELLP Syndrome a discussion with Graeme.

    066 – HELLP Syndrome a discussion with Graeme.

    29/04/2020 Duration: 41min

    A 28 yr old woman at 36/40 G2P1 presents with a few days history of mild headache, nausea, anorexia, and some upper right abdominal pain. You do some observations and some blood testing and find she has a BP 150/95, mildly hyperreflexic and bloods showing a Hb107, Plts 88, schistocytes on the film, raised AST / ALT /LDH and bilirubin. Hi Everyone, Acknowledging that we are still in the midst of a world wide pandemic we hope you are all safe. This week we thought it would be nice to take a break from COVID related matters (which we are sure like us has invaded most of your minds over the last few months) and turn to a fascinating obstetric critical illness. Join Graeme and I as we discuss this interesting and serious pregnancy related condition. What causes this condition?What do they die from? What are the important differential diagnoses? How do we manage them? We also share a few sh***e dad jokes, reminisce about ANZAC Day, the COVID pandemic and have another crack at one of our quizzes! Doct

  • 065 – Reflections on COVID and implications in our obstetric unit with Matt Rucklidge.

    065 – Reflections on COVID and implications in our obstetric unit with Matt Rucklidge.

    21/04/2020 Duration: 27min

    Join Matt and I as we discuss some of the issues we have been grappling with in our planning for how to manage obstetric patients suspected of or known to have COVID-19. Is pregnancy a risk factor for worse disease severity?What is the appropriate PPE for women in active labour? Is active labour an aerosol generating procedure?What about the use of inhaled (and therefore exhaled) nitrous oxide in these women?What about the need for emergency or urgent procedures such as caesarean sections or post partum haemorrhage - how do we get them safely around the hospital? LINKS https://soap.org/education/provider-education/expert-summaries/interim-considerations-for-obstetric-anesthesia-care-related-to-covid19/ https://www.oaa-anaes.ac.uk/OAA_COVID19_Resources

  • 064 – Can you die from vomiting in pregnancy – hyperemesis gravidarum more than just morning sickness

    064 – Can you die from vomiting in pregnancy – hyperemesis gravidarum more than just morning sickness

    30/12/2019 Duration: 27min

    (*Hypothetical Case) A woman is brought into your emergency dept by her husband at 14 weeks gestation. He tells you that she has been "really sick" for almost two months now. He states that they have seen their GP multiple times and have "tried almost everything". This is the second time they are presenting to your ED - they came 2 weeks ago where he recounts she was given some IV fluids and antiemetics before going home - but they were reluctant to come back because a member of staff was quite dismissive to them last time apparently she told them that if she ate ginger and sipped water she should be fine and "it all stops at 15 weeks anyway so not to worry it will be over soon". This time he tells you that she has practically eaten nothing in the last 4 weeks and she is now having trouble getting out of bed, because of almost 4 weeks of continuous vomiting. He thinks she has probably lost at least 8-10kg since becoming pregnant. He is "super-worried" and "she is just not herself anymore - please do so

  • 063 – Remifentanil PCA for labour analgesia – Mike, Matt  Roger

    063 – Remifentanil PCA for labour analgesia – Mike, Matt & Roger

    24/12/2019 Duration: 27min

    (* Hypothetical Case) You are asked to see a pleasant 31 yr old woman in the antenatal clinic who is pregnant for the first time because as an adolescent she had an extensive scoliosis repair and now has Harrington Rods in her lumbar and thoracic spine. She tells you that she "is worried about being in a lot of pain during labour" and she wants to know what her options are. Hi everyone, This week three of us sat around our new AV equipment (thanks Trilby) to discuss the interesting and somewhat controversial topic of remifentanil PCA use for analgesia in labour. We discuss the history, the concerns regarding safety especially respiratory depression or apnoea, efficacy and some of the new evidence recently published. Links The RESPITE study in Lancet 2018 : Intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia versus intramuscular pethidine for pain relief in labour (RESPITE): an open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial IJOA August 2019 Serious adverse events attributed to remifen

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