The Function of Reason

Whitehead presented these three lectures at Princeton University in 1929. Although 85 years have passed, his central thesis and his analysis remain remarkably current. The...

The Birth of Tragedy

The Birth of Tragedy stands alongside Aristotle’s Poetics as essential works for all who seek to understand poetry and its relationship to human life. In this, his first book,...

Descartes' Meditations

René Descartes is often described as the first modern philosopher, but much of the content of his Meditations on First Philosophy can be found in the medieval period that had...

The Poetics

Aristotle's Poetics is best known for its definition and analysis of tragedy and comedy, but it also applies to truth and beauty as they are manifested in the other arts. In our...

Foundations of Ethics

These works articulate the most fundamental principles of Kant’s ethical and political world-view. “What is Enlightenment?” (1784) and Fundamental Principles of the...

On Liberty

John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty was first published in 1859. In the 21st century this text confirms Socrates’ claim that “it is only the life of true philosophy that scorns...

Plato's Apology

Socrates is on trial for his life. He is charged with impiety and corrupting young people. He presents his own defense, explaining why he has devoted his life to challenging the...

Plato's Greater Hippias

Hippias of Elis travels throughout the Greek world practicing and teaching the art of making beautiful speeches. On a rare visit to Athens, he meets Socrates who questions him...

Plato's Gorgias

Gorgias of Leontini, a famous teacher of rhetoric, has come to Athens to recruit students, promising to teach them how to become leaders in politics and business. A group has...

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

David Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion had not yet been published when he died in 1776. Even though the manuscript was mostly written during the 1750s, it did not...

page 1 from 3