Stone Age, The: The History and Legacy of the Prehistoric Period When Humans Started Using Stone Tools

A generally accepted figure for the larger Stone Age featuring the first use of stone tools begins at 3.4 million years in the early Paleolithic Age. In a brief interim period of...

Siege of Vienna (1529), The: The History and Legacy of the Decisive Battle that Prevented the Ottoman Empire’s Expansion into Western Europe

In the wake of taking Constantinople, the Ottoman Empire would spend the next few centuries expanding its size, power, and influence, bumping up against Eastern Europe and...

Mandate for Mesopotamia, The: The History and Legacy of British Occupation and Iraq’s Independence after World War I

Although the League of Nations was short-lived and clearly failed in its primary mission, it did essentially spawn the United Nations at the end of World War II, and many of the...

Erie, The: The History and Legacy of the Native American Group

Along the sandy shores and ancient forests of crystal blue Lake Erie, a proud, brave, and confident people lived long ago, building homes, raising crops, hunting game, rearing...

Dutch Revolt, The: The History of the Dutch Republic’s War of Independence against Spain

The Netherlands has had a complex and turbulent history involving the interplay of multiple political entities, ethnicities, and languages. The term "Netherlands" (Nederland in...

Modern Jamaica: The History of the Caribbean Island from Christopher Columbus to Today

One of the largest islands in the Caribbean and also home to the Arawak and Tainos. Jamaica may have been inhabited as far back as 5,000 years ago, and between 1000 BCE and 500...

Reisläufer, The: The History and Legacy of the Famous Swiss Mercenaries from the Middle Ages to the Modern Era

In 1291, three cantons around Lake Lucerne—Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden—formed the so-called “Everlasting League” to counter outside aggression. This became the nucleus...

1811 German Coast Uprising, The: The History and Legacy of America’s Largest Slave Revolt

While Nat Turner’s rebellion remains famous today, a far larger uprising took place a generation earlier. In January 1811, hundreds of slaves in Louisiana attempted to make a...

Slavery in the North: The History and Legacy of American Slaves in the North Before the Civil War

Most Americans know that slavery is a central part of the nation’s history, but the common perception of that history is selective because the general understanding is that...

Albigensian Crusade, The: The History and Legacy of the Catholic Campaign against the Cathars in France

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century, when Western Europe was governed by a Germanic warrior-caste, the theory of a just and virtuous war took root. The...

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