Schmalkaldic War, The: The History of the Civil War Between Catholics and Lutherans in the Holy Roman Empire

It has been famously pointed out that the Holy Roman Empire was neither holy, nor Roman, but it was also not an empire in the sense people expect when hearing the term. In...

Jutes, The: The History of the Nordic Tribe that Settled in England during the Early Middle Ages

Naturally, when the history of medieval England is discussed, the Angles and Saxons are usually mentioned first. After all, the name “England” does mean “land of the...

Operation Dragoon: The History of the Allied Invasion of Southern France after D-Day

While D-Day is one of the most famous events of the war, it is widely overlooked that about two months after the landings in Normandy, there was a second Allied landing in...

Battle of Jaffa, The: The History and Legacy of the Last Battle of the Third Crusade

By 1180, Saladin had consolidated his power in both Egypt and Syria, but he still could not join his two realms because of the obstacle that had once protected his Egyptian realm...

Animals in Ancient Greece: The History of the Roles that Different Animals Played in Greek Societies

To many in the ancient world, their gods and goddesses were all around them and could be seen daily in nature, which meant that nearly every kind of animal, both domestic and...

Milgram Experiment, The: The History and Legacy of the Controversial Social Psychology Experiment

“Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Could we call them all accomplices?" – Stanley Milgram  Among psychology...

Queen Zenobia of Palmyra: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Levant’s Most Famous Queen

Although the ancient world was for the most part a patriarchal place, more than a few women rose to prominence and were able to exert political power. Hatshepsut (ruled 1479-1458...

Battle of Lechfeld, The: The History and Legacy of the Conflicts Between the Germans and Magyars in Western Europe

Of all the steppe peoples in the medieval period, perhaps none were more important to European history than the Magyars. Like the Huns and Avars before them and the Cumans and...

Apollonius of Tyana: The Life and Legacy of the Influential Ancient Greek Philosopher

Even after Greek power waned, the Romans borrowed Greek culture, so it should come as little surprise that various Greeks continued to be influential in antiquity. In fact, if...

Anarchy, The: The History and Legacy of the Civil War in England and Normandy during the 12th Century

Today, “The Anarchy” is used to describe the period in English history from the death of Henry I in 1135 to the Treaty of Winchester signed by King Stephen and his successor...

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